Publicado em: 17/04/20
It is considered one of two doubly landlocked nations on the earth , the opposite being Liechtenstein. In addition, as a result of its location inside a series of endorheic basins, none of its rivers result in the ocean. Less than 10% of its territory is intensively cultivated irrigated land in river valleys and oases, and previously in the Aral Sea, which has largely desiccated. By the start of 1920, Central Asia was firmly within the palms of Russia and, despite some early resistance to the Bolsheviks, Uzbekistan and the rest of the Central Asia grew to become part of the Soviet Union.
Occasionally, the country is typically spelled as “Ўзбекистон” in Cyrillic, a script used throughout Soviet rule. Russians, who constituted a primarily urban population made up half of the inhabitants of Tashkent, the capital of Uzbekistan, until the Nineteen Eighties.
On 27 October 1924 the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic was created. From 1941 to 1945, during World War II, 1,433,230 individuals from Uzbekistan fought within the Red Army in opposition to Nazi Germany.
Since then, the population has been gradually diminishing as many Russians have migrated to Russia. Approximately 200 visas are given out to Jews from the Israel embassy weekly.
Cotton manufacturing in Uzbekistan is necessary to the nationwide economy of the nation. The use of kid labour in Uzbekistan has led several corporations, together with Tesco, C&A, Marks & Spencer, Gap, and H&M, to boycott Uzbek cotton. However, the Amnesty International report on the country for 2017/2018 particulars many continued repressive measures. Following Islam Karimov’s death on 2 September 2016, the Supreme Assembly appointed then prime minister, Shavkat Mirziyoyev, as interim president of Uzbekistan on 8 September 2016.
The kingdom was replaced with the Yuezhi dominated Kushan Empire in the 1st century BC. For many centuries the region of Uzbekistan was dominated by the Persian empires, including the Parthian and Sassanid Empires, in addition to by other empires, for example those shaped by the Turko-Persian Hephthalite and Turkic Gokturk peoples.
As many as 263,005 Uzbek troopers died in the battlefields of the Eastern Front, and 32,670 went missing in motion. The Mongol conquest underneath Genghis Khan during the thirteenth century would convey about a change to the area uzbekistan women for marriage. The Mongol invasion of Central Asia led to the displacement of some of the Iranian-talking individuals of the region, their tradition and heritage being outdated by that of the Mongolian-Turkic peoples who came thereafter.
The invasions of Bukhara, Samarkand, Urgench and others resulted in mass murders and unprecedented destruction, corresponding to portions of Khwarezmia being utterly razed. In 327 BC Macedonian ruler Alexander the Great conquered the Persian Empire provinces of Sogdiana and Bactria, which contained the territories of contemporary Uzbekistan. A conquest was supposedly of little assist to Alexander as well-liked resistance was fierce, causing Alexander’s army to be bogged down in the region that became the northern part of the Macedonian Greco-Bactrian Kingdom.
On 12 December 2016, Deputy Prime Minister Abdulla Aripov was nominated to take over from Mirziyoyev as prime minister. Karimov’s first presidential term was extended to 2000 by way of a referendum, and he was re-elected in 2000, 2007 and 2015, every time receiving over ninety% of the vote. Most worldwide observers refused to participate in the process and did not recognise the outcomes, dismissing them as not meeting basic standards. Numerous oil and gas deposits have been discovered within the south of the nation. However, a long time of questionable Soviet insurance policies in pursuit of higher cotton manufacturing have resulted in a catastrophic state of affairs with the agricultural business being the main contributor to the air pollution and devastation of both air and water in the nation.
Although the chairman of the Senate, Nigmatilla Yuldashev, was constitutionally designated as Karimov’s successor, Yuldashev proposed that Mirziyoyev take the submit of interim president as an alternative in gentle of Mirziyoyev’s “many years of expertise”. Mirziyoyev was subsequently elected as the nation’s second president in the December 2016 presidential election, successful 88.6% of the vote, and was sworn in on 14 December 2016.